Dear Mr. Kuterdem,
Thank you. The point you raised was was a good one. There are several aspects of risk reduction. I will first give you my view on the area I am most familiar with, that is disaster risk assessment.
Science-based disaster risk assessment follows certain and widely accepted steps, i.e., hazard, exposure, vulnerability, and risk (or impact) assessments. I think the 'how to do' part of disaster risk assessment is applicable to any country, so even if the guidelines are developed by international and/or regional technical agencies, it can still be used to guide risk assessment initiatives in a particular country (given that the required expertise exists in the country). That said, data that will be required in the risk assessment process varies significantly from one country to another (or even within a country, from national to local levels). The data varies in term of its availability, quality, scale, and resolution. The selection of an exact methodology for risk assessment must take into account the data availability and quality from the local perspective.
Similarly, once it gets to the point where risk assessment outcomes are to be used for risk reduction planning, ones can only use internationally developed guidelines as a framework, but must adapt it to their local context taking into consideration the local capacity, resources, legal framework, as well as cultural differences.
In conclusion, I think internationally developed DRR guidelines are still useful to guide the process of DRR planning, but to really implement those plans in a country, it requires DRR practitioners in the country to put their heads together to come up with locally-adjusted actions.
This is my view. Hope it is helpful.