Since the record-breaking volcanic eruption a year ago, which triggered up to 15m tsunami waves that gutted entire villages, the Government of Tonga is building higher and higher sea walls to keep the ocean out.
Türkiye’s geographic location, population density and distribution, and socioeconomic factors make it highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and other environmental and natural hazards, as detailed in the World Bank’s report.
This critical risk has declined in importance as the war and economic crisis factors such as inflation and the energy crisis again take precedence, but the Allianz Risk Barometer results also show that companies continue to take risk mitigation action.
This is the voluntary contribution of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) for the Midterm Review of the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (MTR SF).
It was 20 years ago, when the SARS outbreak exposed key fragilities in the global healthcare supply chain. Yet today, nearly three years into the COVID-19 pandemic many of the same supply-chain fragilities remain.