Research briefs

Eruption of the Tungurahua volcano above the city of Ambato, Equador (2016)
Volcanologists have historically focused on the risks of large-scale eruptions, but new research highlights how small eruptions can combine with human-made vulnerabilities to cause catastrophic impacts.
Wei Zhang used GIS and statistical data to construct a novel model of tsunami damage in Fairfield, CT. The model can easily transfer to other storm types and communities.
View of flames spreading on a hill close to Orangeville, USA (2019)
Governments and countries must mitigate climate change as much as possible to prevent increasing wildfires and increasing deaths.
A man with his bike on the beach during Cyclone Fani, India (2019)
A new study found significant increases in the intensity, frequency, and duration of cyclonic storms over the Arabian Sea. Is the west coast prepared?
New modeling shows that heatwaves across Europe have increased in both frequency and spatial extent over the past century.
Sunrise view of Namche Bazaar village and Thamserku mountain, Khumbu valley, Nepal.
Urbanization trends in the Himalaya are exposing more people to risk from compound hazards such as flooding, landslides and wildfires, a new study published in the journal Science of the Total Environment has found.
Polluted river
As floods increase in frequency and intensity, chemicals buried in river sediments become “ticking time bombs” waiting to activate.
Farmer in Nepal plows rice field with buffaloes
The effects of monsoon rainfall on food insecurity in Nepal vary by earthquake exposure, with regions that experienced both heavy earthquake shaking and abundant rainfall more likely to have an inadequate supply of nutritious food.
Previous fires may hold the key to predicting and reducing the severity of future wildfires in the western United States as fire activity continues to increase, according to researchers from Penn State and the U.S. Forest Service.
Aerial view of hurrican aftermath
Research by Stevens Institute of Technology and Carnegie Mellon suggests that monitoring social media during hurricanes could help communities better plan for and mitigate the impacts of climate change.