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Climate risk country profile: Fiji
This document aims to succinctly summarize the climate risks faced by Fiji. This includes rapid onset and long-term changes in key climate parameters, as well as impacts of these changes on communities, livelihoods and economies, many of which are already underway. This is a high-level synthesis of existing research and analyses, focusing on the geographic domain of Fiji, therefore potentially excluding some international influences and localized impacts. This document is primarily meant for WBG staff to inform their climate actions and to direct them to many useful sources of secondary data and research.
Some of the key messages of this paper include:
- Long-term warming is expected to be below the global average in Fiji, ranging between 0.6°C and 2.6°C by the 2090s when compared with the 1986–2005 baseline. The range of possible temperature rises highlights the significant differences between 21st century emissions pathways, while uncertainty remains high.
- Fiji has a high degree of vulnerability to climate extremes such as drought and extreme rainfall and any increases in the frequency and intensity of such events could represent a major threat to livelihoods, infrastructure, and human wellbeing.
- Considerable uncertainty surrounds projections of future precipitation trends and extreme climate events; further research is required to constrain the wide range of current estimates.
- The frequency of tropical cyclones affecting Fiji is projected to decrease, though the magnitude of the decrease remains uncertain and the intensity (wind speed) of cyclones may increase.