The conflict has crippled the Ethiopian economy through its high human and material cost and through the withdrawal of financial support from donor and lending countries. Up to 50% to 60% of Ethiopia’s national budget came from donor countries.
With a changing climate, animal, insect, and plant species will either adapt or die under new environmental and climate conditions – this brings new challenges in the study of vector-borne infectious diseases.
Scientists predict COVID will become endemic over time but there will still be sporadic outbreaks where it gets out of control. The transition from pandemic to endemic will likely play out differently in different locations around the world.
The document entitled “Response to the COVID-19 pandemic: lessons learned to date from the WHO European Region” takes an “all-hazards approach”, recognizing that it is impossible to predict with certainty what hazard will appear next and what its impacts will be.