Expert of the Week   for  27 Mar - 02 Apr 2017

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Hazard Analyst

Kerala State Disaster Management Authority (KSDMA) Expertise:  Community based disaster risk reduction, water and sanitation, environmental protection and Inclusion strategies in DRR.

Concentrating in disaster management from graduation level, and got post-graduation in Disaster Management form School of Environmental sciences of Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala. Apart from the science background, focused on the implementation challenges and the response and participation of the ultimate beneficiaries-the community. Working since 2011 in Community Based disaster risk reduction programmes with government and non-government organizations. Currently working as Hazard analyst to the State Disaster Management Authority, Emergency Operation Centre of Kerala. And having special charges in Community Based Disaster Risk Management, departments of disaster management planning and school safety. Having few published papers on the same.

Community ownership and inclusion in DRR planning and implementation.

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QQuestion by Mr Dave Paul Zervaas

Dear Asha,
Do you have any advice and/or pointers you can give on how community values can be developed or strengthened in a world where individualism is so prevalent (as you mention in the context note of your session)?

Mr Dave Paul Zervaas Program Management Officer | UNISDR

APosted on 01 Apr 2017

Dear Mr. Dave,

The most challenging thing in CBDRM is proper communication that is what individualism erases.  The development revolutions at all sectors had made influential changes in a varied direction of human life. There we cannot found more things which do not promoting individualism. In the case of disaster management it has to be think beyond limitations, how individualism is practical/ applicable. 

The experience with the community at local level and analyzing the current drift of it I could find the culture of periodic converging and discussions are become week by lacking awareness of importance. 

The change of local income generation system towards alternative options and professional/technical education prompted migration and established self-sufficiency/independency. It is a very huge task to ensure the participation at a step, I would like to share ideas we got for it. 

1) Rethink to simplify disaster preparedness activities by the local trained persons as per the local culture and specialties (the terminologies and its dialectal conversion is still a challenge to trainers, so that here we completely avoiding it at first steps, and the recollection of the life which the ancestors lived can help a lot)

2) Curiosity creation: by understanding the pulses of the community using Information Education and communication methodology the curiosity can be developed as the first step towards understanding own surroundings. 

3) Strengthening of local authorities to utilize resources and powers to promote community participation

4) Communication promotion among students is a best practice (The District Disaster Management Authority of Wayanad, Kerala is implementing a strategy in this. Here selecting two students from each school in the district who having eligibility having membership in National Cadet Corps/Scout/guiding and in echo club, further they shall act as the ambassadors of DDMA at each school and shall lead activities at their own interests too. The trainings are based on the disaster and management knowledge, environmental protection mainly. Their major activities shall be at field with issue identification and solution suggestion and community education in above mentioned things. And the students are free to do community awareness creation in the way they already skilled/interested. The reports from them shall be considered at the DDMA. And the indigenous practices and local technics for prevention and resilience discovery shall be encouraged through this too)

5) Breaking and mainstreaming of isolation tendencies: here we could tackle the inclusion of differently abled persons in DRR by training of trainers all over Kerala. Now it’s the time to concentrate to the remaining groups like nomadic/houseless poor and intersex persons etc. 

6) Importantly, pay attention on communicating that there is no activity offering money for community participation and do not offer remuneration ever

By keeping the innovative communication facilities apart, the direct linkage building and maintenance with and within community and the physical presence of disaster management activists rather than professionals are essential here to converse about conformity in DRR. Disaster management is nothing but commonsense, unfortunately we lack it sometimes.

With regards

Asha Kiran

QQuestion by Mr DUSAN ZUPKA

Dear Asha,

Please describe the main steps in the process of community inclusion in DRR planning.

Best regards, DUSAN

Mr DUSAN ZUPKA DRR lecturer | University Geneva/International Graduate Institute

APosted on 30 Mar 2017


 Community ownership and inclusion in DRR planning and implementation is acknowledging the  diversity in the society , opportunities, not excluding  members of the community on the basis of age, gender, disability or other characteristics.


Advisory committee

For ensuring  inclusion of all sectors of the people  an Advisory Committee may be formed at the district level and the  District Collector will be the Chairman of the Advisory Committee and the members are District Revenue Officer, Police Officer, Fire and Rescue Officer , Medical Officer ,Public distribution System Officer, Education Officer, Panchyath Raj Institution Members ( Panchayath Raj Institutions are the local self governess system existing in India), Members of the Women Group   and the Nodal Officer of the Disaster Management Authority, and they will  design and monitor the activities based on the guidelines of  National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), is an agency of the Ministry of Home Affairs India  whose primary purpose is to coordinate response to disasters and for capacity-building in disaster resilience  and crisis response.



TOT for inclusionin DRR Planning and implementation

The TOT is mainly  for the district level implementation officers, Panchyath Raj Institution Members, NGO s, Members of the women groups,Members of the person with disabilities and other under privileged groups. They have to identify the vulnerable areas and groups. Inclusive approaches has to be developed targeting specific vulnerable groups .


Step. III  

Capacity building  programmes  can be planned based  on the findings of the vulnerability mapping involving  grass root level . Community leaders, NGOs, Panchyath  Raj Institutions Members, Self Help Group Members , Members of the senior citizen forum, Residents associations, Trade union members, Women groups,  Persons with disabilities, Teachers  and general public can be included in the capacity building programme.  Mock drills, Contingency plan, Vulnerability mapping etc  can be done with the members of community. Task Force  Groups will be formed at the village level  for Rescue, Relief,First aid etc , and regular refresher activities can be formulate for the task groups  and these task groups  can design development activities  during peace time .


With regards