Document / Publication
Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University (KU GSGES)
Kyoto University Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies (KU GSGES)
Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA)
This city profile of Metro Manila, the capital of the Philippines, assesses the current level of climate disaster resilience under the Climate and Disaster Resilience Initiative (CDRI) using a survey among planning officers of the Metro Manila - one of the largest urban agglomerations in the world with its 16 cities and 1 municipality.
It highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the cities against climate-related natural hazards like typhoons, flooding, sea-level rise, rainfall-induced landslides, heat wave and drought, by considering five dimensions: physical, social, economic, institutional and natural - a holistic approach to address disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA), and by facilitating action planning. It further suggests policy points and recommendations to encourage city government engagements in specific institutional capacity building.
The outputs from this study intend to be useful for city governments, but they also provide valuable knowledge and information to other local and national stakeholders with a similar target: the enhancement of community resilience. Graphs help in visualizing the results of the analysis and facilitate comparison between dimensions and between cities - one graph shows the city’s overall resilience and five other graphs demonstrate the city's resilience in terms of the physical, social, economic, institutional, and natural aspects.
CDRI is an umbrella initiative of Kyoto University funded by the Global Center of Excellence (GCOE) Program "Human Security Engineering for Asian Megacities", which consists of cone-profiling research, education, training and implementation, and was developed in collaboration with Metroplanado, the association of Planning Officers of the local governments of Metro Manila.