Risk Identification & Assessment

Cover
This publication is a report on the major disasters that occurred in Australia in 2022. This year has seen large parts of Eastern Australia experience record-breaking rainfall and floods.
Aerial view of a flooded street in Brisbane, Australia (2019)
2022 will be remembered as the year of the Great Deluge, when record-breaking rain and floods lashed large parts of Eastern Australia, causing untold devastation for Australians and our economy.
Overhead shot of a volcano
Hawaii’s Mauna Loa, the world’s largest active volcano, began sending up fountains of glowing rock and spilling lava from fissures as its first eruption in nearly four decades began on Nov. 27, 2022.
Landslide-affected road
Satellite observations have revealed that weak seismic ground shaking can trigger powerful landslide acceleration – even several years after a significant earthquake.
A satellite image of a cyclone shot from space.
Tropical cyclones have been growing stronger worldwide over the past 30 years, and not just the big ones that you hear about.
Arctic sea with ice
A warming climate is causing a decline in sea ice in the Arctic Ocean, where loss of sea ice has important ecological, economic and climate impacts.
USA Gulf coast
This NASA study describes new results showing average sea level rise approaching the 1-foot mark for most coastlines of the contiguous U.S. by 2050. The Gulf Coast and Southeast will see the most change.
If you look back at the history of Atlantic hurricanes since the late 1800s, it might seem hurricane frequency is on the rise.
Mexico is a seismically active country. Since 2017, six earthquakes larger than magnitude 7.0 have struck the country — four during the month of September. The first, the magnitude-8.2 Tehuantepec earthquake, struck on Sept. 7, 2017.
Venice was spared from disaster. That’s because of a $6 billion engineering project designed to protect Venice from mass flooding and the exhausting cycle of cleanup and recovery.