This background paper is part of the Pacific Possible project at the World Bank and was prepared to support the thematic focus area of "Managing increased stress on pacific livelihoods". This background paper considers the following key issues regarding the changes in Pacific Island Countries (PICs) by the year 2040:
- The potential socio-economic impacts from natural hazards and climate change;
- The cost of adaptation to minimise potential socio-economic impacts; and identification of the combination of investments and policies that are likely to have the highest impact in reducing the socio-economic impacts.
This background paper considers adaptation for a range of sectors and situations, including infrastructure and buildings, coastal protection, the water sector, and agriculture.