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  • How do people perceive flood risk? Findings from a public survey in Tuscany, Italy
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How do people perceive flood risk? Findings from a public survey in Tuscany, Italy

Source(s):  Journal of Flood Risk Management (Wiley)

In this work, risk perception (RP) is investigated through a survey involving 483 people living in Tuscany in Italy. Effective communication requires an understanding of how the risk of flooding is perceived by residents of different areas. Understanding the factors influencing local flood risk perception of a community is crucial to achieving sound and effective risk communication and improves the resilience of local communities to natural hazards.

The results of the study indicate the following: 

  • (a) flood RP was moderate;
  • (b) RP was positively correlated with age, higher education, proximity to a river and direct experience;
  • (c) people who experienced floods felt themselves to be more informed and prepared;
  • (d) subjectively perceived risk and experts' risk assessment seemed generally correlated, even if people living in areas at “high risk” tend to underestimate the actual flood risk level; 
  • (e) the majority of the respondents considered the government and themselves as equally responsible for personal preparedness; and
  • (f) less than 20% was aware of a Local Emergency Plan.

The need of focusing on people living in the riskiest areas with targeted communication campaigns on risk awareness, hazard preparedness, and other implications of the findings in terms of communication strategies are discussed.



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  • How do people perceive flood risk? Findings from a public survey in Tuscany, Italy
  • Publication date 2021
  • Author(s) Zabini, Federica; Grasso, Valentina; Crisci, Alfonso et al.
  • Number of pages 20 p.
  • ISBN/ISSN 10.1111/jfr3.12694 (DOI)

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