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A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets

Source(s):  Nature Communications

Transport infrastructure is exposed to natural hazards all around the world. Here, the authors present the first global estimates of multi-hazard exposure and risk to road and rail infrastructure. Results reveal that ~27% of all global road and railway assets are exposed to at least one hazard and ~7.5% of all assets are exposed to a 1/100 year flood event. Global Expected Annual Damages (EAD) due to direct damage to road and railway assets range from 3.1 to 22 billion US dollars, of which ~73% is caused by surface and river flooding. Global EAD are small relative to global GDP (~0.02%). However, in some countries EAD reach 0.5 to 1% of GDP annually, which is the same order of magnitude as national transport infrastructure budgets. A cost-benefit analysis suggests that increasing flood protection would have positive returns on ~60% of roads exposed to a 1/100 year flood event.



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  • A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets
  • Publication date 2019
  • Author(s) Koks, E. E. et al.
  • Number of pages 11 p.
  • ISBN/ISSN 2041-1723 (eISSN)

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