Document / Publication
This disaster risk profile for Afghanistan seeks to provide a summary and visualization of the national multi-hazard assessment. The information provides essential data and information for policy decision-making, development planning and infrastructure investments to ensure a more resilient future for Afghanistan. The risk modelling undertaken focused on floods, earthquakes, droughts, landslides, and avalanches.
The country's low level of socio-economic development makes it extremely vulnerable to disasters, resulting in frequent loss of lives, livelihoods, and public and private property. Several factors have contributed to Afghanistan's vulnerability to disasters. Decades of conflict have undermined the country's coping mechanisms and protective capacity. This increases the likelihood that hazard events turn into disasters with large humanitarian and economic consequences.
Disasters also have an impact on fragility and conflict. While natural hazards and disasters do not necessarily cause conflict in and of themselves, natural disasters can exacerbate the challenges people already face in fragile states, create new risks and add stress to an already weakened governance system and fuel grievances.
This report presents the following six recommendations: