The African Drought Conference (ADC) on "Enhancing resilience to drought events on the African continent" concluded the 22nd August 2016 in Windhoek, Namibia, after adopting the Windhoek Declaration. The conference built on 11th Session of the Conference Of Parties (COP-11) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, which was held in September 2013.
The Windhoek Declaration for Enhancing Resilience to Drought in Africa adopted the Strategic Framework for Drought Risk Management and Enhancing Resilience in Africa, which proposes a Drought Resilient and Prepared Africa (DRAPA) at the national level guided by the following six elements:
- drought policy and governance for Drought Risk Management;
- drought monitoring and early warning;
- drought vulnerability and impact assessment;
- drought mitigation, preparedness, and response;
- knowledge management and drought awareness;
- reducing underlying factors of drought risk.