This report focuses on MENAdrought and the predecessor MENA-RDMS projects’ activities and findings related to the vulnerability assessment in Jordan. The purpose of the evaluations has been to understand the root causes of drought impacts and underlying causes of vulnerability across geographic regions, economic sectors, communities, and the environment.Drought exacerbates Jordan’s extreme water scarcity challenges. Paleoclimate studies, pre-instrumental records, and modern observations and modeling reveal that the 1998-2012 dry period in the Levant was more severe than any other in the past 500 years.
The objective of the vulnerability studies has been to identify who and what is at risk from drought, what causes that risk, and the effects of how actors manage that risk. This can inform drought management planning so that interventions target underlying causes of vulnerability for the identified communities and sectors.