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Regional Assessment on Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction and Biodiversity in Oceania

Source(s):  International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

This regional assessment document discusses ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction (Eco-DRR) and its linkages with biodiversity in Oceania. It highlights key entry points and opportunities to catalyse actions for Eco-DRR that embraces the importance of biodiversity and ecosystems.

The assessment mostly covers seven focal countries: Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Samoa and Republic of Marshall Islands. These countries were considered to be the most vulnerable to hazards.

A desk based literature review of scientific literature, national reports, project and policy documents was conducted to determine the status of ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction (EcoDRR) in Oceania, the role of biodiversity in Eco-DRR and conversely how Eco-DRR contributes to biodiversity in the region. Regional initiatives and frameworks in Eco-DRR were also reviewed. The economic case for Eco-DRR implementation was also examined.

The report further formulates recommendations to further integrate biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation in Eco-DRR, including: 

  • Promoting inter-sectoral collaboration to improve policy implementation and translate knowledge into actions.
  • Raising awareness on the importance of integrated ecosystem-based approaches for CCA and DRR among governments, civil society and practitioners.
  • Integrating both biodiversity and Eco-DRR into national planning for sustainable development.
  • Providing more regional and national evidence to prove that Eco-DRR and the maintenance of ecosystem structure and function can provide cost-effective options for DRR, in order to ensure government buy-in.
  • Recognising the role of people and their social systems in Eco-DRR as traditional knowledge and practices of Pacific indigenous peoples have contributed to their coping strategies during times of natural disasters.



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  • Regional Assessment on Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction and Biodiversity in Oceania
  • Publication date 2016
  • Author(s) Milika Naqasima Sobey, Fabiola Monty
  • Number of pages 76 p.

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