This briefing paper provides an overview of the impact of climate change-induced extreme weather events on human displacement. The analysis reveals that between 2008 and 2016, people in low- and lower-middle income countries were around five times more likely than people in high-income countries to be displaced by sudden-onset extreme weather disasters. Women, children, indigenous peoples and other vulnerable groups are also disproportionately affected.
The paper calls for actions and commitments at the global level on climate change mitigation, support for communities to build resilience where climate change can no longer be avoided, and measures to avoid displacement. It also calls for global cooperation to ensure the safety, dignity and other lasting solutions for those who are displaced by climate change. In addition, the paper calls for regional and national responses to minimise displacement.