- Documents and publications
Room for rivers: Risk reduction by enhancing the flood conveyance capacity of the Netherlands’ large rivers
The Netherlands has just finished implementing the Room for the Rivers program along the Rhine and Meuse Rivers in response to increasing river discharges. Recently, making more room for the river is, however, being challenged for future application because the flood defenses are assessed to be too weak and will need reinforcement anyway. Deciding on the most desirable policy for the remainder of the century will require knowledge of all benefits and costs of individual interventions and strategic alternatives for flood mitigation.
This paper quantifies some benefits of making more room for the rivers. It recognizes and quantifies two risk-reducing effects and provides results of analyses for the Rhine and Meuse Rivers in The Netherlands. Making room for rivers was originally advocated because it (1) reduces the consequences of flooding, as well as (2) reduces the probability of failure of the embankments. This paper has now quantified these effects allowing translation into risk reduction proper. Moreover, larger floodplain surface area may influence the relationship between discharge and flood level, which implies that rivers with widened floodplains are less sensitive to uncertainties about future river discharges. This does not reduce risk proper, but makes the river system more robust, as this paper argues in the discussion, where it presents risk reduction and robustness as complementary perspectives for assessing strategic alternatives for flood risk management.