This report, as part of an emerging body of literature, shows that the humanitarian and DRR systems often fail to acknowledge or address the discrimination, violence and exclusion experienced by people with diverse Sexual Orientations, Gender Identities and Expressions, and Sex Characteristics (SOGIESC, aka LGBTIQ+ people). Discrimination, violence and exclusion is experienced by people with diverse SOGIESC before, during and after disasters and conflict. The manifestations are often many and profound, undermining people’s potential to develop resilient and dignified lives, and to survive and recover from shocks. This discrimination, violence and exclusion is maintained by deeply rooted norms at the heart of societal laws, institutions and practices, shaping the lives of people with diverse SOGIESC well before they ever interact with the humanitarian system, or with disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives.
This report prrovides 18 key findings and 22 recommendations for UN Women, the humanitarian and DRR systems, governments, donors, and diverse SOGIESC CSOs. The key findings include:
- DRR laws, systems and planning documents at the national level routinely omit people with diverse SOGIESC.
- Humanitarian assessments across responses and within sectoral areas routinely omit diversity of SOGIESC or mention SOGIESC in passing without providing any substantive guidance for response planning.
- Diversity of SOGIESC is poorly addressed in humanitarian and DRR global frameworks and standards for inclusion, protection and accountability to affected populations.