This paper showcases different initiatives in the Pacific, the Caribbean and the Horn of Africa region to address climate-related human mobility. There is increasing recognition in many regions and countries across the globe that human mobility in the context of climate change (HMCCC) needs to be integrated into a variety of facets of development policies and frameworks. This requires action and collaboration on different levels. The examples show how determined actors and sustained collaboration on the national and regional level are instrumental in pushing the HMCCC agenda and improving its governance. In future, there will be a need to further strengthen the smooth interplay between committed national actors that are willing to explore new approaches and regional organisations that provide a platform for exchanging ideas and bringing good practices to scale.
The examples outlined here show that there is no blueprint for how to achieve progress in addressing climate-related human mobility. Instead, depending on the regional context a specific combination of national actors that are willing to blaze the trail and try new approaches and regional organisations that provide a platform for the exchange of ideas and the development of joint policies is needed. Despite the regionalised approaches, similar responses have been identified in the covered regions. In all three regions, actors recognise the value of inter-institutional cooperation and cross-sectoral exchange through dedicated working groups on disaster displacement and climate-induced migration. In addition, in two of the regions, countries are implementing or working on regional solutions to facilitate cross-border movements in times of disasters.