This report presents an executive summary of the different stages of the process of implementation of the study conducted by the Economics of Climate Adaptation (ECA) and the final recommendations for adaptation measures to drought events in the Somali and Afar regions in Ethiopia. Over the period of the project, representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (MoARD), local governments, and further stakeholders engaged in providing input and feedback on the assumptions, decisions, data, and adaptation options assessed. A total of 26 (13 in Afar and 13 in Somali) drought adaptation measures were identified and validated by the MoARD and other stakeholders to be run by the modelling platform CLIMADA, including technological and engineering solutions, ecosystem-based (nature-based) approaches, maintenance/ operational measures, and risk transfer/ insurance solutions.
The report finds that critical action is needed to combat drought in the region. These measures for the respective regions include: Improved forage storage for Afar, providing permanent structures constructed above ground and are commonly used in flat areas; management of protected areas; establishment of communal seed banks; wetland restoration; and establishment of fodder trees and grass nurseries. These measures were evaluated at the pre-feasibility level and were considered technically feasible considering regulations, technological feasibility, location, resources, and sustainability.