The guidebook has been prepared to minimize the loss of life and property of persons with disabilities due to disasters. The points mentioned in the guidebook can help minimize the damage and loss for persons with disabilities. Due to Nepal’s difficult geographic structure, rapid urbanization, varied groundwater level, and increasing population the country is prone to earthquakes, floods, landslides, fires, lightning, hailstone, drought, epidemic, and other disasters. These disasters cause a huge loss of life and property every year. In normal circumstances, persons with disabilities are at a higher risk than others. Hence, they may be more vulnerable and affected in an event of a disaster. Especially those with severe disabilities, women, children, and senior citizens are more at risk during disasters persons with disabilities must be kept at the forefront for disaster mitigation and preparedness to protect them from disaster risk.
The key recommendations include:
- Adopt the four-step plans for persons with disabilities and their caretakers.
- Prepare for the Five Major Hazards in Nepal (earthquake, fire, flood, landslide, and epidemic).
- Plan for emergency shelter.
- Awareness, capacity Building, and training.