Due to a combination of political, geographic, and social factors, Kenya is recognized as highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, ranked 152 out of 181 countries in the 2019 ND-GAIN Index.
Kenya published its Second National Communication in 2015 and submitted its Nationally-Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC in 2016, in support of adaptation and mitigation efforts, to improve the country’s ability to prepare for and respond to natural disasters and increase its resilience to climate change. Additionally, Kenya aims to become a newly industrialized country by 2030, which will require expanding climate change resilience efforts while also increasing its domestic energy production; including through the use of renewable sources. Adaptation efforts are focused on the country’s energy, infrastructure, land use and environment, health, water and irrigation, agriculture and tourism sectors. Kenya is working to meet these goals and adhere to its climate change strategies by investing in strategic actions such as afforestation and reforestation, geothermal energy production and other clean energy development, as well as climate smart agriculture, and drought management.