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An application of flood risk analysis for impact based forecasting in Kenya
This flood risk analysis approach aims to provide essential information for formulation of disaster prevention policies and decision-making processes for disaster risk reduction. The Kenya Red Cross Society through the International Centre for Humanitarian Affairs(ICHA),has been implementing the Innovative Approaches for Response Preparedness (IARP) project, which seeks to reduce the impact of climate-related disasters on vulnerable communities through an Early Warning Early Action system. The project employs the innovative Forecast Based Financing (FbF) approach to access humanitarian funding based on forecast information and risk analysis.
The results show, that the western region has high flood exposure while most part of North-Eastern and Coastal areas have high vulnerability risk index. Combination of the two risk components indicates that Western, North-Eastern and Coastal regions, had the highest flood risk index. The results of this study contribute to the understanding of flood risk and demonstrate that the risk-analysis method can be used to identify, assess, and coordinate early actions that mitigate the impacts of floods.