Jamaica: Deaf students harness climate-smart farming with Red Cross support

Source(s): International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
A Senegalese woman harvests crop from her farm
Berenice Van Den Driessche/OCHA

Planting, watering, weeding, harvesting and feeding the animals have long been part of life at the Caribbean Christian Centre for the Deaf (CCCD) in Manchester parish, Jamaica.

On any given day, staff and students at the school’s Knockpatrick campus might be harvesting beans, squash or vegetables as part of the educational nutritional and livelihoods programme.

But when the economic fallout of the Covid-19 pandemic led to dwindling enterprise earnings and donations to the school, the administration placed even more focus on using their land to assist in  producing some of their internal food demands. 

In the meantime, however, there were other challenges: persistent drought meant that there simply wasn’t enough water to adequately irrigate the campus’s greenhouse and open-field crops.

That’s when the school turned to climate-smart agriculture. With support from the Jamaica Red Cross (JRC), Knockpatrick now uses solar-powered pumps to help harvest and store water for its greenhouse and farm. The CCCD had previously installed a water catchment system in the 1960s, but it has been in a state of disrepair.

‘The additional income will help to pay our bills’

Tyreke Lewis, one of 130 students who lives on the Knockpatrick campus, says the improvements have turned things around for the better: “The school will also be able to produce more goods to be sold to the community and other stakeholders.

“The additional income will help us to pay our bills and other expenses. It will allow us to develop our skills to become more self-reliant for the future.”

The Knockpatrick campus is not alone in facing the impacts of climate change. According to the Meteorological Service of Jamaica, all parishes received below-normal rainfall in December 2022.

Combined with Covid-19, changes in the climate have resulted in major humanitarian consequences, with the poorest and most vulnerable feeling the brunt of its effects through deaths, economic setbacks and loss of livelihoods.

As part of its plans to help people affected by the climate crisis and the socio-economic effects of Covid-19, the Red Cross connected to the CCCD through the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA).

“In our discussions with the CCCD, we realized that the drought and water scarcity that existed, coupled with the reduced income due to Covid-19, compounded the food crisis, pushing them to produce more for themselves,” said Leiska Powell, JRC project manager.

“But to do that, they needed assistance to manage their water for improved and increased production. We wanted to find a way to help them do this.”

To get things done, the JRC contracted a local company that provides alternate energy solutions to install the solar water-pump and provide four 1,000-gallon water tanks to facilitate additional water storage.

The initiative involved building a ramp to house the tanks and installing the pump to move the water from the current catchment tank to the new storage drums to supply the greenhouse.

‘This initiative will allow us to expand our crop production from two to three acres up to ten, because we now have the irrigation system’

John Meeks, social enterprise officer at the CCCD, noted that this partnership with the Red Cross marks the first step in their strategic bid to develop a climate-resilient and climate-smart agricultural programme.

“Without irrigation, we can’t plant or raise animals,” he says. “This initiative, therefore, provides a key step in the right direction and will allow us to expand our crop production from two to three acres up to ten, because we now have the irrigation system in place.”

The next phase of the initiative will see the Red Cross collaborating with RADA to offer climate-smart agriculture training to students and staff of the CCCD to further build their capacity in sustainable agriculture and water management.

There are also plans to expand the climate-smart agriculture initiative to the other CCCD campuses once additional funding is secured.

The partnership also now forms a central part of activities undertaken through the Covid-19 climate-smart livelihoods recovery initiative, conducted by the JRC and supported by the IFRC, added Keisha Sandy, IFRC technical officer for climate and environmental sustainability for the Caribbean.

“The Red Cross network is committed to helping people make the transition from immediate recovery to the socio-economic impacts of Covid-19 to long-term climate smart livelihood solutions, geared towards increasing the sustained resilience of the communities we serve,” Sandy says.

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