How can ICT help in disaster preparedness and response?
By Renu Mehta
In the immediate aftermath of disasters, timely and effective information is critical for the decision-making process. Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) play a significant role in mitigation, preparedness, response, and rehabilitation by facilitating the flow of vital information in a timely manner.
To deliver and deploy telecommunications/information and communication resources (transportable, easy to deploy and reliable systems that are non-exclusive) in a timely manner in the event of disasters, the ITU has designed the ITU Framework for Cooperation in Emergencies (IFCE).
Role of ICTs in disaster risk reduction and management
Innovative technologies such as robotics, drone technology, GIS, and emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), the Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing and Big Data are transforming the complex process of disaster management.
ICT presents innumerable digital tools for disaster management, yet it faces challenges limiting their impact. Governments, international organization, and civil society should cooperate and collaborate to realize the full potential of disruptive technologies to effectively deal with any humanitarian crisis. More research and development (R&D) and investments will help catalyze global efforts to disaster management.