International Training Course (ITC) on disaster risk management of cultural heritage 2019
Towards integrated protection of immovable and movable cultural heritage from disasters
Cultural heritage is increasingly exposed to disasters caused by natural and human induced hazards such as earthquakes, floods, fires, typhoons, theft, terrorism etc. Recent examples include Typhoon Jebi in West Japan in 2018; earthquakes in Central Mexico in 2017, in Kumamoto in 2016 and 2019, and in Central Italy and Myanmar in 2016; the Nepal earthquake in 2015; the UK floods in 2015; the Balkan floods in 2014; and ongoing conflicts in Syria and Yemen.
These disasters not only affect the immovable heritage components, such as monuments, archaeological sites and historic urban areas, but also cause damage to the movable components, such as museum collections and heritage objects, that are in active use, including religious and other artefacts of significance to the local community. We lost tremendous collections and heritage objects to the fire that affected the National Museum of Brazil in 2018. Both these movable and immovable components are exposed to various hazards that necessitate appropriate measures to reduce disaster risks.
Also, in the aftermath of a disaster, many architectural fragments of damaged or collapsed buildings need documentation, handling and storage similar to movable heritage collections. Therefore, an integrated approach for movable and immovable heritage is needed for the risk assessment of heritage sites as well as museums and their collections before, during and after a disaster situation. The limited availability of human and financial resources also calls for closer coordination between professionals and institutions dealing with heritage sites, museums and external agencies. Moreover, integrated disaster risk management involves appropriate mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce various risks to movable and immovable heritage components by taking into consideration their heritage values, which are often interdependent. It is also important to recognize many examples of traditional knowledge evolved by communities through a series of trials and errors that demonstrate that movable and immovable cultural heritage can be an effective source of resilience against disaster risks and can be integrated in larger disaster risk management strategies.
Japan is home to a variety of frequently occurring disasters, which can cause wide-ranging damage to its cultural resources. For this reason, the country has taken specialized measures in establishing a disaster risk management system and methodology for post-disaster emergency response and recovery.
Together with the preservation of historical townscapes and buildings, we aim to protect the objects and implements long used in the daily lives of people of the region, as well as objects that serve as clues to understanding the lives and achievements of past generations. For this reason, we consider both movable and immovable cultural property to be essential subjects of our disaster risk management efforts.
Seasonal festivals and rituals, as well as local celebrations and customs, also help to make people's lives more abundant in the local community. Thus, another significant task is the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage from natural hazards.
These various cultural heritage disaster mitigation measures, many developed in response to Japan's special circumstances, will be covered in this training.
The 14th International Training Course will give special focus to the Integrated Protection of Immovable and Movable Cultural Heritage from Disasters.
Applications should be e-mailed by Monday, April 1th, 2019 (JST). Please see the Guidelines for Application for more registration details.