DISASTER RISK SENDAI FRAMEWORK COUNTRIES & REGIONS THEMES HAZARDS KNOWLEDGE BASE

Hazards

  • Avalanche snow avalanche, snow slide
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  • Cold Wave extreme weather, extreme temperature, cold temperatures
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  • Cyclone hurricane, tropical storm, tropical depression, typhoon
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  • Drought deficiency of precipitation, desertification, pronounced absence of rainfall
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  • Earthquake seismic, tectonic
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  • Epidemic & Pandemic epidemic: bubonic plague, cholera, dengue, non-pandemic diseases, typhoid; pandemic: H1N1, HIV, smallpox, tuberculosis
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  • Flood inundation; includes: flash floods
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  • Heat Wave extreme weather, extreme temperature, high temperatures
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  • Insect Infestation locust, plague, African bees
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  • Land Slide debris flow, mud flow, mud slide, rock fall, slide, lahar, rock slide and topple
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  • NBC - Nuclear, Biological, Chemical biohazard risk, chemical contamination, nuclear radiation risk
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  • Storm Surge coastal flood, wave surge, wind setup
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  • Technical Disaster chemical spill/leak, explosions, collapses, gas leaks, urban fire, oil spill, technical failure
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  • Tornado waterspout, twister, vortex
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  • Tsunami
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  • Volcano crater, lava, magma, molten materials, pyroclastic flows, volcanic rock, volcanic ash
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  • Wild Fire bush fire, forest fire, uncontrolled fire, wildland fire

Learning from Past Disasters

  • Indonesia: Sulawesi tsunami 2018
    In September 2018, a tsunami struck the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, causing widespread damage, especially to the city of Palu.
  • Kerala floods 2018
    In August 2018, severe floods affected Kerala, a south Indian state, following unusually heavy rainfall during the monsoon season.
  • Atlantic hurricanes 2017
    For several months in 2017, many Atlantic hurricanes had devastating economic and social consequences across the United States and the Caribbean.
  • Sierra Leone mudslide 2017 
    Disasters often exacerbate the conditions of people suffering from non communicable diseases. Explore the implications for public health.
  • Nepal earthquake 2015
    An earthquake struck Nepal in April 2015, affecting thousands of people and marking the country's worst earthquake since 1934.
  • South Africa drought 2015-2018 
    Between 2015 and 2018, South Africa experienced an ongoing drought, with fears that officials would declare Day Zero and completely shut off water in Cape Town.

Research briefs