Sendai Framework

Monitoring implementation of the Sendai Framework

Monitoring global progress in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.


A set of 38 indicators were identified to measure global progress in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The indicators were developed by the Open-ended intergovernmental expert working group on indicators and terminology relating to disaster risk reduction (OIEWG), established by the UN General Assembly, which concluded its work in November 2016. The United Nations General Assembly subsequently endorsed the recommendations of the OIEWG contained in its report A/71/644.

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The indicators will measure progress in achieving the global targets of the Sendai Framework, and determine global trends in the reduction of risk and losses. , These metrics, together with indicators that can be employed by countries to measure nationally-determined targets, will allow an appraisal of the impact actions of stakeholders supporting the achievement of the outcome, goals and targets of the Sendai Framework.

The indicators will generate the information base for the development of Sendai Framework implementation strategies, facilitate the development of risk-informed policies and decision-making processes, and guide the allocation of appropriate resources. 

Integration with the global monitoring framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)

Key indicators 1 measuring the global targets of the Sendai Framework have been adopted by Member States in the 48th Session of the United Nations Statistical Commssion (SC), for use in measuring disaster-related goals  2 and targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; thereby allowing the simultaneous and coherent monitoring and reporting on the Sendai Framework and the SDGs.

In recommending draft Resolution Work of the UN Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development for endorsement by the Economic and Social Council, the Statistical Commission adopted the global indicator framework for the Sustainable Development Goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, developed by the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators (IAEG-SDGs).

UNISDR continues to work with the members of the IAEG-SDGs, the UN Statistical Commission, their observer agencies and other relevant partners to undertake the substantive and technical work to develop international statistical standards, metadata, computation methodologies and guidelines to implement the global indicator framework to follow up and review the goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda and the Sendai Framework.

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Monitoring and reporting

Progress in implementing the Sendai Framework will be assessed biennially by UNISDR; analysis and trends will be presented in the Sendai Framework Progress Report (covering the period from January of the first year, to December of the second year of the biennium).

As from January 2018, countries will be able to report against the indicators for measuring the global targets of the Sendai Framework, and disaster risk reduction-related indicators of the SDGs, using the online Sendai Framework Monitor. The first Sendai Framework Progress Report is expected in 2019 and will, on an exceptional basis, cover trends in implementation for the two biennial cycles 2015-2016 and 2017-2018.The Sustainable Development Goals Report is submitted every year to the High-level Political Forum for Sustainable Development (HLFP), for which countries are expected to collect data and report on an annual basis. Therefore in 2019, reporting on progress in implementing the Sendai Framework and in achieving the SDGs related to disaster risk reduction, will be possible at both the Sixth Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, and the 2019 High-level Political Forum.

The Sendai Framework recognises that the Global and Regional Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction have a key role in its implementation.  In accordance with the Sendai Framework’s paragraphs 28 (c) and 49, the Global Platform and Regional Platforms are, inter alia, expected to:

  • Periodically monitor and assess progress in implementation,
  • Contribute to the deliberations of the HLPF, the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, including the integrated and coordinated follow-up processes to United Nations conferences and summits and the quadrennial comprehensive policy reviews of the UN operational activities for development.

Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review

To prepare for the roll-out of the first Sendai Framework monitoring cycle countries reviewed the availability of data to report against the indicators recommended to measure the global targets, and identify current gaps. To support countries in these efforts, UNISDR conducted the Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review and presented its findings at the Fifth Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction held from 22 to 26 May 2017 in Cancun, Mexico.

The global data readiness report shows that most countries collect a critical mass of disaster loss data required to measure Sendai Targets A to D and SDGs 1 and 11, while greater gaps in data availability exist for Targets E, F and G. Gaps in data must be addressed by March 2019, for all countries to be able to report in the first official reporting cycle of the Sendai Framework and build the 2005-2015 baselines required for measurement. Exceptionally, the first reporting cycle will cover the two biennia 2015-2016 and 2017-2018.

Data availability per target

Data availability per target

The report further calls for a Global Partnership for Disaster-related Data for Sustainable Development would facilitate a collaborative, multi-stakeholder effort (bringing together governments, international organizations, the private sector, academia, civil society groups, and the statistics and data communities), to optimize and operationalize existing and future disaster-related data in support of national and sub-national disaster risk reduction efforts and the measurement of the global targets of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.


1. recommended by the Open-ended Intergovernmental Expert Working Group on Indicators and Terminology relating to Disaster Risk Reduction, and endorsed in UN General Assembly Resolution A/RES/71/276 on 2 February 2017

2.  SDGs 1 (End poverty in all its forms everywhere), 11 (Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable) and 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts)