Document / Publication
Resilience Development Initiative (RDI)
Working Paper Series No. 5, May 2015
In this paper, successful practice of local knowledge in preventing wildfire in Indonesia is discussed. It is based on an extended literature review. Successful forest management was found in South Borneo, Middle Borneo, South Celebes and West Java. Furthermore, the policy and regulation stipulated to manage the wildfires is also examined, in view of the notion that the imposed law was defective and thus the law breaker could not be held responsible to the crime they committed. The paper concludes that the wildfire prevention program can only be successful when the government program, known as Communal Forest, is coupled with local knowledge.
The occurrence of wildfires in Sumatra and Kalimantan has caused terrible loss and destruction. Disasters have been occurring almost annually in the last 17 years and cost 24.3 million USD in total. The damage caused ranked highest in terms of destruction, higher than the tsunami in Aceh or earthquakes in various region of Indonesia.