This study aims to assess and determine the evidence on the strategies for education on DRR. The study consists of a systematic review of publications and gray literature regarding strategies for DRR education, conducted in December 2016. This study finds that most countries have launched DRR education activities, but these actions are not enough, revealing gaps between aspirations and reality. More effective and efficient teaching and learning strategies are needed to increase the effectiveness of preparedness and DRR activities at all levels of communities.
Fifteen articles and dissertations published during January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2016 were extracted through PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, Ovid, Google Scholar, Scientific Information Database, Magiran, and Irandoc with the inclusion criteria of English and Persian language. A thematic analysis technique was used to analyze the articles.
The thematic analyses revealed eight major categories of DRR educational strategies such as raising knowledge, educational needs assessment, educational planning, educational approaches, educational content, educational tools, involved organizations, and educational learning barriers and challenges.