This study looks at the main reasons why flash floods in Germany in 2016 had such a devastating impact, and how risks associated with such events can be mitigated. It provides an overview of the events and produces findings based on extensive field work and interviews, including with public authorities and aid organizations, and intervention and rescue teams.
It is known that flood prevention is cost-effective: well-designed programs on average save five dollars in future losses for every dollar invested. The findings of this study confirm the value flood prevention has. Implementing a strategy of integrated land use planning and zoning, physical protection at regional and local level, and the right behaviors can go a long way in achieving sustainable flood risk reduction strategies.