Faraz S. Tehrani
Machine learning and landslide studies: recent advances and applications
Natural Hazards (Springer)
Number of pages
In this paper, the authors present a brief overview of machine learning (ML) techniques, provide a general summary of the landslide studies conducted, in recent years, in the three above-mentioned categories, and make an attempt to critically evaluate the use of ML methods to model landslide processes. Upon the introduction of machine learning (ML) and its variants, in the form that we know today, to the landslide community, many studies have been carried out to explore the usefulness of ML in landslide research and to look at some classic landslide problems from an ML point of view.
ML techniques, including deep learning methods, are becoming popular to model complex landslide problems and are starting to demonstrate promising predictive performance compared to conventional methods. Almost all the studies published in the literature in recent years belong to one of the following three broad categories: landslide detection and mapping, landslide spatial forecasting in the form of susceptibility mapping, and landslide temporal forecasting. The paper also provides suggestions for future use of these powerful data-driven techniques in landslide studies.