This viewpoint reviews key assessments from the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C and examines the implications for the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR). Disaster risks are expected to be higher at 1.5°C and continue to increase at 2°C. Current and future disaster risk management practices, particularly those that deal with the impacts of coastal flooding, heat-related health impacts, sea level rise, and forest fires, are to be strengthened. The Arctic, Caribbean, Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and low-lying coastal areas are particularly at risk. SFDRR implementation requires focusing on low-lying countries and SIDS, complemented with the development of financial risk sharing and insurance mechanisms, and ensuring coherence between SFDRR, the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals.