The report, an authoritative compendium of drought-related information and data, helps inform negotiations of one of several decisions by UNCCD’s 196 member states, to be issued 20 May at the conclusion of COP15. Droughts are among the greatest threats to sustainable development, especially in developing countries, but increasingly so in developed nations too. The number and duration of droughts has increased by 29 percent since 2000, as compared to the two previous decades.
Parties to the UNCCD and other stakeholders are radically shifting how they respond to water scarcity, desertification, land degradation and drought. To date, 128 countries have expressed political will to follow an approach to achieve or exceed Land Degradation Neutrality. Nearly 70 countries participated in the UNCCD’s global drought initiative, which aims to shift from reactive approaches to drought to a proactive and risk-reducing approach.