- Documents and publications
Conversion strategy builds supply chain resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic: A typology and research directions
This study proposes a novel typology of adaptation to hazards—a conversion strategy as a countermeasure to manage risks in interconnected supply chains. Conversion strategies are intended to transform one or multiple supply chain functions for a different one to manage the changing environment. Supply chain disruptions due to natural hazards have been researched in key manufacturing-based economies like Thailand, the US, Japan, and China. Limited studies, however, have looked at the nature of interconnected risks and its effective countermeasures that arise when the COVID-19 pandemic disrupt supply chains.
Here, the authors examine systemic risks by contrasting supply chain disruptions caused by natural hazards and the pandemic. Their study investigates whether businesses can manage systemic risks brought on by the pandemic by learning from dealing with disruptions caused by natural hazards. The researchers offer a typology of conversion strategies to demonstrate how conversion strategies can be a successful response to pandemic scenarios. Specifically, they propose six conversion types: production location, production line, storage, usage, distributional channel, and workforce skill set. Then, the authors conclude with the future research directions as well as the kinds of policy supports required to assist businesses in implementing conversion measures by drawing on prior work addressing natural hazards.