This booklet through case studies and community testimonials, highlights the voice of the communities most impacted by climate change in the Federal Member State of Puntland, Somalia. Puntland is located in the northeastern section of Somalia and has a landmass of about 212,510 km2 (82,050 sq mi) which is roughly one-third of Somalia's geographical area with an estimated population of 4,285,000 women, men, girls and boys, as of 2016. It is a largely semi-arid with a warm climate and sparse and variable rainfall.
The climate crisis is a children's crisis. Climate change arguable poses the single greatest challenge to the realisation of children's rights, and threatens to undercut decades of hard-won progress to improve their lives. According to UNICEF, "More than 99% of deaths attributable to climate-related changes occur in developing countries - and children make up over 80% of those deaths". Similarly, across Africa, school enrollment rates have declined 20% in regions affected by drought, according to the World Bank.