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Climate change-induced loss and damage in Pakistan: An investigation of impacts on society and economy
This paper aims to raise awareness about Loss and Damage (L&D) and ignite a conversation about how Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Loss & Damage (L&D) can be linked in order to ensure more sustainable strategies for building resilience in Pakistan.
The key recommendations of this paper are the following:
- Pakistan needs to develop a national level, integrated multi-hazard L&D database for systematic vulnerability and risk monitoring to ensure planning on L&D is complemented with accurate information.
- The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) needs to set up a national mechanism within its existing structure with the sole responsibility of dealing with L&D on a national scale.
- The conversation on L&D needs to occur in parallel with adaptation efforts in Pakistan.
- L&D costs need to be measured using conventional methodologies and indicators.
- It is critical Pakistan complies with the stipulations of the Paris Agreement as this will make a strong case for both monetary and technical assistance needed for L&D.
- There needs to be a clear and sensitive communications strategy for mainstreaming the concept of L&D into public and policy discourse.