The purpose of this multi-risk assessment is to enable Plan International staff, civil society partners, children and communities to comprehensively understand the multiple risks in a child’s environment, including pre-existing risks and new risks that emerge during and after crisis situations, such as natural hazards, conflict and violence, and their impact on children’s rights. Children, and the promotion of their rights, are therefore at the core of the assessment methodology. Girls and boys have unique perspectives on risk, vulnerabilities and capacities, and the consequences of those risks on their rights, their family and their community. Girls and boys’ views encompass social, economic, political and environmental risks, and they often routinely identify social and protection concerns that are exacerbated by disasters such as abuse, alcoholism and parental distress, that are often over looked or under played by adults. The tools in this guide can be adapted and used in different ways:
As a set of tools designed for undertaking a comprehensive multi-risk assessment or baseline measurement to inform programming, for example:
- full spectrum programmes or community resilience programmes;
- As stand-alone tools (selecting one or more tools) to strengthen certain aspects of than existing thematic or multi-sectoral programme;
- As a dialogue tool that promotes community-led assessment of risk, vulnerabilities, impacts and capacities, and which can form the basis of child- or community-led action planning.