Coronavirus pandemic threatens to suffocate U.S. hurricane response
Emergency systems are already stretched-thin by the virus response and distancing during evacuations will be a challenge
By Matthew Lavietes
NEW YORK, May 13 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - As the June 1 start of hurricane season inches nearer, U.S. emergency managers are gearing up for the possibility of a more active than normal storm season as the country battles the coronavirus pandemic at the same time.
The combined threat could make managing both crises more difficult as the stretched-thin Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and local emergency authorities grapple with the country's worst health and economic crisis in decades, they say.
"When you have a crisis of this magnitude, if you have another crisis, a hurricane-level crisis, even a terrorist attack or something like that right now, it could cause a lot of challenges," said Jared Maples, director of New Jersey Homeland Security.
"It just makes it that much harder," he said.
A typical Atlantic hurricane season sees six hurricanes, according to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. scientific agency responsible for weather forecasts.
But of the more-than-dozen annual forecasts published, nearly all anticipate that the upcoming hurricane season will be busier than usual.
Social distancing practices to prevent the spread of COVID-19 are likely to complicate efforts to squeeze thousands of people into spaces that typically serve as shelters in the event of an evacuation, such as school gymnasiums and sporting arenas, experts say.
Widespread evacuation orders are used as a last resort, but if families were forced to evacuate, coastal states such as New Jersey are considering renting more hotel rooms than in years past to accommodate more distancing, Maples said.
He said the pandemic would not alter officials' decisions on whether or not to evacuate shorelines if a storm warranted that response.
Jeroen Aerts, a professor of environmental risk management at the VU University in Amsterdam and an adviser to New York City, warned that people will need to adhere to evacuation orders "more seriously" with rescue teams stretched thin.
"People are very much on their own," Aerts warned. "That means, as an individual, you have to really carefully judge the warning issues that the government puts out."
FEMA this year will release guidelines for local governments on how to handle the upcoming hurricane season alongside the health crisis, according to a FEMA spokesperson.
The agency also said it has created a second National Response Coordination Center that is tasked with coordinating all non-COVID-19 disaster responses.
But cash-strapped city and state officials questioned whether the federal agency has the resources to handle hurricane season on top of the coronavirus or if local governments will be left to bear the financial burden of both crises.
"There are going to be some very difficult times ahead and it's imperative that we make some smart financial decisions to help us through this crisis," said Houston Controller Chris Brown.
Nearly half of the city of Houston's $20 million disaster relief fund has already gone to deal with the coronavirus and powerful Hurricane Harvey in 2017, he said.
He is hopeful the city will get the money it needs as part of another round of federal coronavirus relief legislation.
Since March, the U.S. Congress has passed bills allocating nearly $3 trillion to combat the pandemic, but only about $150 billion in aid has been set aside for states and cities.
"New York City is the financial and cultural capital of the country, and we need federal funding that reflects our central role," urged New York City Comptroller Scott Stringer, who is among the local officials asking for a bigger share of bailout funds.
"Our city is not prepared for the next storm, let alone for a hurricane to hit on top of a crisis like a pandemic."
'Fight for our lives'
How long social distancing practices will need to remain in place in the United States - where over 82,000 people have died of the virus, according to a Reuters tally - remains unclear.
Health officials have warned the country could see a second wave of the virus in the fall, well before the official end of the hurricane season on November 30.
"We're in the middle of the fight of our lives," said Maples, of the coronavirus threat.
"But ... we are focused on preparing our way out of this," he said - "not just on coronavirus, but if, God forbid, a hurricane does come."