This guide serves as an initial source of information for those individuals preparing for disaster risk reduction activities or immediate deployment with Singapore partner responders in crisis. Additionally, it highlights the important role Singapore plays in preparing for, mitigating, responding to, and recovering from natural or man-made disasters in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. Finally, it provides decision makers, planners, responders, and disaster management practitioners greater insight into Singapore Disaster Management capabilities, thereby enhancing regional civil-military response. Discussion within this handbook includes Singapore’s organizational structure for domestic and foreign disaster management, international agreements, regional training programs, and exercise support.
Despite its location in a region hard-hit by disasters of varying scale, the Republic of Singapore is somewhat insulated from disasters. The country is nominally exposed to earthquake, tsunami, and cyclones, but there is little historic data suggesting large-scale incidents caused by these kinds of hazards. The country is primarily exposed to flooding as a result of monsoon season rains. As part of its development as a society and economy, then, Singapore has steadily moved to reduce its vulnerability by building up coping mechanisms and proactively establishing adaptive frameworks and policies, particularly by addressing infrastructural weaknesses and inculcating a sense of public responsibility to respond to emergencies of all types, from community-wide flooding to individual medical incidents.