This handbook provides an overview of natural hazards, climate change susceptibility, disaster management and response in Pakistan. It provides an analysis of government disaster plans and policies and community preparedness.
Pakistan is affected by climate change, increased urbanization, environmental degradation, and increasingly severe and larger scale natural disasters. The country is prone to natural hazards such as drought, floods, heat waves, extreme cold, and earthquakes. According to the Climate Risk Index 2021, Pakistan ranks eighth for countries most affected by extreme weather events between 2000 and 2019. The Government of Pakistan has a strong disaster management foundation built around the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (PDMA), and national legislation from 2010. In addition, the Government has well-established national development and disaster risk reduction frameworks, including the Pakistan Vision 2025, the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) 2012-2022, and National Flood Protection Plan (IV) (NFPPIV) 2015-2025.
The Disaster Management Reference Handbook Series is intended to provide decision makers, planners, responders and disaster management practitioners with an overview of the disaster management structure, policies, laws, and plans for each country covered in the series.