Extensive research has addressed the question of why some countries are able to attract a large amount of foreign direct investment (FDI), while others are not. This article aims to provide a more deciphered perspective by considering variations across economic sectors and the dynamic effect of natural disasters. Until now, research mostly neglected disasters as a business risk. In the realm of disaster research, some studies have investigated the effect of natural disasters on FDI inflow. However, this research remains overly simplistic and conceals the complexities of the underlying relationship.
The authors apply hybrid panel regressions to a dataset of 181 countries over a period of 13 years across four different economic sectors. The analysis shows that the effect of natural disasters on FDI inflow varies among economic sectors. From a longitudinal perspective, the study finds a positive relationship between exposure to natural disasters and the inflow of FDI within countries 3 and 5 years after an event. Overall, the findings highlight the complex nature of the relationship between natural disasters and FDI and warn against using too simplistic approaches.