This report includes the assessment of the EP and R capacities of Bosnia and Herzegovina based on the R2R diagnostic methodology, as designed by the World Bank and executed by prepared international (PPI). he framework for ready2respond (R2R) was developed in reference to the role of the World Bank in disaster risk reduction. While strengthening emergency preparedness and response (EP and R) is a sound investment on its own, it also supports the World Bank Group’s broader risk reduction efforts and fundamental goal of eliminating poverty and promoting shared prosperity.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is missing important elements of the EP&R system, leaving much space for further improvements. A relevant factor identified throughout the analysis is the country’s complex political and administrative structure. The country comprise two entities of similar size, the Republic of Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, each with its own administrative structure. The EP&R legal system and the availability of funding vary significantly between the Brčko District, the Republic of Srpska, and the Federation, as well as between the different cantons within the Federation. In that sense the overall scores on the country level should be perceived as overall indicators for strengths and weaknesses.