Russian Federation National Platform

History

EMERCOM was set up by decree of the President of the Russian Federation on 10 January 1994. In fact, the Ministry came into existence on 27 December 1990 when the Russian Rescue Corps was established. Its task was to ensure prompt and effective actions when emergencies arise. In 1995, two federal laws were enforced “On Protection of Population and Territories from Natural and Man-Made Emergencies” and “On Emergency and Rescue Services and Status of Rescuers”. They laid down the foundation of the government policy and administrative and legal norms in the realm of population protection, on the one hand, and rescuers, on the other hand. 

In accordance with UN General Assembly Resolutions and recommendations on the expediency to continue the policy of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Risk Reduction the Russian Federation has developed several measures on realization of International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction. 

These measures have resulted in the creation of the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction of the Russian Federation, which now consists of several governmental agencies and NGO.

Structure

The core of the Platform is the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM of Russia). 

Another important element of the Platform is the Governmental Commission on Prevention and Elimination of Emergencies and for Ensuring of Fire Safety. The Commission was created in 2003 in accordance with a Decree of the Russian Government. The Commission is the coordinating body for joint activities of the executive bodies and other stakeholders in emergency management. The Commission works closely with competent federal executive bodies, local emergency management organizations and NGOs, as well as with relevant international and intergovernmental organizations.

The Chairman of the Commission is the Minister of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM of Russia).

The following government bodies are represented in the Commission:

  • Ministry for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters 
  • Ministry of Internal Affairs 
  • Ministry of Defence 
  • Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East 
  • Ministry of Transport 
  • Ministry of Health 
  • Ministry for Digital Development, Telecom and Mass Communications
  • Ministry of Industry and Trade 
  • Ministry of Labor and Social Protection 
  • Ministry of Agriculture 
  • Ministry of Construction, Housing and Utilities 
  • Ministry of Science and Higher Education 
  • Ministry of Energy 
  • Federal Agency for Air Transport (Rosaviatsiya) 
  • Federal Agency for Fishery 
  • Federal Agency for National Emergency Reserve 
  • Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology
  • Federal Agency on Mineral Resources (Rosnedra) 
  • Federal Agency for Water Resources 
  • Federal Communications Agency 
  • Federal Forestry Agency (Rosleskhoz) 
  • Federal Medical and Biological Agency 
  • Federal Rail Transport Agency 
  • Federal Agency for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Supervision 
  • Federal Service for Labour and Employment (Rostrud) 
  • Federal Service for Supervision of Transport 
  • Federal Service of National Guard of the Russian Federation (Rosgvardia) 
  • Federal Service for Supervision in Education and Science 
  • Federal Service for Supervision in Health Care 
  • Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Atomic Supervision 
  • Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring 
  • State Corporation for Atomic Energy (Rosatom) 
  • National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” 
  • Chamber of Commerce and Industry 
  • Moscow City Administration

The Commission meets as necessary but at least every three months. The Public Council under EMERCOM of Russia was established in 2006. 

The Public Council is a standing advisory body of public control under EMERCOM of Russia. The members of the Public are well-known public figures and represent the interests of various social groups. The Council meets at least every six months to discuss topical issues and provide recommendations.

 

Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters
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