This study examines the economic and social consequences of the 17 August 1999 earthquake, known as the Izmit earthquake, which affected a third of Turkey's total population and caused substantial human and material losses.
National disaster law and policies, regional, bilateral and international agreements, declarations and regulations regarding the disaster response law in Turkey within the framework of the 1999-Marmara Earthquake are discussed in this study. To this end
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
The earthquake which occurred in the north-western part of the Republic of Turkey on August 17, 1999 (magnitude: 7.8) was a major disaster, claiming over 17,000 lives and leaving approximately 32,000 injured in and around Izmit in the Marmara region (as
This report documents the event of the Kocaeli Earthquake in Turkey in 1999. In addition to providing background information on the event, this report includes the following sections: the earthquake and its geologic effects, building and infrastructure
The moment magnitude 7.4 Kocaeli, Turkey, earthquake struck the Kocaeli province of North-Western Turkey on Tuesday, August 17, 1999, at 3:02 a.m. local time. The cause of the earthquake was the sudden breakage, or rupture, of the Earth’s crust along a