Themes in disaster risk reduction
DRR-related themes and issues are wide and cross-cutting.
Most DRR topics cover more than one theme or issue, and some themes have a high degree of correlation with others. In each section, you can learn more about common DRR themes and see the latest developments.
- Climate change
Adaptation benefits, costs, measures, capacity; climate resilience, climate-proofing, climate risk management, climate change as a disaster risk driver.
- Environment and ecosystems
Deforestation, ecosystems and environmental management, environmental degradation, environmental impact assessment, INRM and land-use.
- Food security and agriculture
Human development and inclusion
- Capacity development
Capability utilization, capacity assessment, capacity development response, individual, community and institutional learning, development planning, training and development, institutional strengthening and development, functional capacities, technical capacities.
- Children and youth
Child-centred disaster risk reduction, child protection, orphans, information and participation of children and youth, impact of disasters on children and youth.
- Civil society/NGOs
Civic action, collective community action, community-based organization (CBO) action, grassroots action, integrative DRR, NGOs and PVOs.
- Community-based DRR
Community vulnerability assessment, community disaster response preparedness, community risk mitigation, local capacity assessment, local risk mapping.
- Cultural heritage
Heritage conservation, traditional methods, knowledge, know-how, housing; ancient communities coping practices and systems, community resilience mechanisms.
Gender mainstreaming, gendered vulnerability, gender-sensitive disaster risk management.
- Human mobility
Participation and protection of migrants, refugees, internally displaced people; migration induced by disasters, climate migration, planned relocation.
Participation, inclusiveness, empowerment, at-risk populations, including: children, orphans, women, disabled, elderly, homeless, LGBTs, migrants, etc.
- Social impacts and resilience
Coping capacity, cultural impacts, loss absorption, loss acceptance, loss of livelihood, psychological impacts, psychological support, social vulnerability.
Science knowledge and advocacy
- Advocacy and media
Advocacy and public awareness raising, disaster risk reporting, public information on disaster risk reduction, risk communication, social media.
- Indigenous knowledge
Indigenous early warning system, local implementation, knowledge, skills, technical knowledge; traditional knowledge, transferable indigenous knowledge.
- Science and technology
Science-informed initiatives, technology and innovation output, informing policy-making and practice, co-designing, co-producing and co-delivering new knowledge.
State governance and economy
- Economics of DRR
Disaster damage and loss assessment, funding, financial effects, poverty, socio-economic impacts, cost-benefit analysis, forecast-based financing.
- Fragility and conflict
Humanitarian crisis, conflict, post-conflict, peacebuilding, violence.
Accountability, empowerment, coordination, policy and legislative framework; regional, national, and local platforms; cross-border collaboration.
- Insurance & risk transfer
Disaster insurance, re-insurance, catastrophe bonds, contingency funding and credit, micro-insurance, loans, reserve funds, risk financing, risk insurance.
- Private sector
Business partnerships for DRR, civil action and public-private partnership, corporate social responsibility, government and private sector partnership.
Infrastructure and critical services
- Critical infrastructure
Communications systems and networks, health facilities, emergency evacuation shelters, elements of transportation systems, waste disposal, water supplies.
- Education & school safety
Disaster prevention education and curricula, education continuity, safe schools, school disaster management.
- Health & health facilities
Capacity of health practitioners, health facilities and services, preparedness, gender, mental health, psychosocial support, safe hospitals, trauma prevention.
- Structural safety
Building codes, building standards, building materials, construction, retrofitting.
- Urban risk & planning
Resilient cities, urban planning, urban management.
Understanding and managing risk
- Disaster risk management
Mitigation, preparedness, prevention, risk reduction plan, policies and strategies; preparedness and contingency planning, prospective disaster risk management.
- Early warning
Alert and warning dissemination; end-to-end warning system; monitoring, analysis and forecasting; people-centred early warning system, policies and strategies.
- GIS & mapping
Geographic information systems, hazard exposure mapping, vulnerability mapping, risk mapping.
- Information management & technology
Data and information exchange standards, databases and information management, portals, knowledge management, networks and communities of practice, ICT.
- Risk identification and assessment
- Small Island Developing States
Small island and developing states (SIDS), Small Islands, coastal resilience.
- Space & aerial technology
Satellite imagery, earth observation, remote sensing, geospatial technology, UAV, drones, optical and radar imagery, meteorological satellites.
- Systemic risk
Systemic risks cascade across systems and sectors, triggering new hazards and amplifying existing threats – and eventually threatening entire systems. Managing systemic risks involves taking a systemic approach, working across silos.
Build back better, humanitarian planning for long-term risk reduction, early recovery, shelter, reconstruction, psycho-social issues for rehabilitation.
Are you interested in a trending topic in disaster risk reduction? Do you want remain up to date on a particular subject?
The PreventionWeb resource guides bring together a selection of reference material on various disaster risk reduction topics and emerging trends.
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) work "concerns everyone, from villagers to heads of state, from bankers and lawyers to farmers and foresters, from meteorologists to media chiefs."