DISASTER RISK SENDAI FRAMEWORK COUNTRIES & REGIONS THEMES HAZARDS KNOWLEDGE BASE
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Themes & Issues

Disaster risk reduction (DRR) work "concerns everyone, from villagers to heads of state, from bankers and lawyers to farmers and foresters, from meteorologists to media chiefs." (Living with Risk: A Global Review of Disaster Reduction Initiatives 2004. Geneva: UNISDR, 2004). DRR-related themes and issues are wide and cross-cutting.

  • Advocacy & Media advocacy and public awareness raising, disaster risk reporting, public information on disaster risk reduction, risk communication, social media
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  • Capacity Development capability utilization, capacity assessment; capacity development response; individual, community and institutional learning, development planning, training and development; institutional strengthening and development; functional capacities; technical capacities
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  • Children and Youth Child-centred disaster risk reduction, child protection, orphans, information and participation of children and youth, impact of disasters on children and youth
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  • Civil Society/NGOs civic action, collective community action, community-based organization (CBO) action, grassroots action, integrative DRR, non-governmental organization (NGO), Private voluntary organization (PVO)
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  • Climate Change adaptation benefits, adaptation costs, adaptation measures, adaptive capacity, climate change adaptation, climate resilience, climate-proofing, climate risk management, climate change as a disaster risk driver
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  • Community-based DRR CBDRR, community-based disaster risk management (CBDRM), community vulnerability assessment, community disaster response preparedness, community risk mitigation, local capacity assessment, local risk mapping
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  • Complex Emergency multiple hazard crisis, humanitarian crisis, conflict
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  • Critical Infrastructure communications systems and/or networks, health facilities, 'lifelines', power and energy, emergency evacuation shelters, financial infrastructure, schools, elements of transportation systems, waste disposal, water supplies
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  • Cultural Heritage heritage conservation, traditional methods, traditional knowledge, traditional know-how, traditional housing, ancient communities coping practices and systems, ancient communities early warning system, community resilience mechanisms, cultural properties, intangible heritage, immovable cultural property, historic buildings, historic urban areas, cultural landscapes, monuments, archaeological sites, vernacular architecture, cultural dimension in risk communication, risk assessment to heritage, collective memory and identity.
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  • Disaster Risk Management disaster mitigation, disaster preparedness, disaster prevention, disaster risk reduction plan, policies and strategies; preparedness and contingency planning, prospective disaster risk management
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  • Early Warning alert and warning dissemination; 'end-to-end warning system'; monitoring, analysis and forecasting of the hazards; people-centred early warning system, policies and strategies
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  • Economics of DRR disaster damage and loss assessment, disaster risk reduction funding, financial effects of disasters, poverty and disaster risk, socio-economic impacts of disasters, cost-benefit analysis, forecast-based financing
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  • Education & School Safety disaster prevention education and curricula, education continuity, safe schools, school disaster management
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  • Environment & Ecosystems deforestation, ecosystems and environmental management, environmental degradation, environmental impact assessment, Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM), land-use
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  • Food Security & Agriculture agricultural micro loans and finance, agricultural risk management, climate smart agriculture, crop distribution, diversified cropping system, food storage capacity, rural land-use planning, livestock management
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  • Gender gender mainstreaming, gendered vulnerability, gender-sensitive disaster risk management
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  • GIS & Mapping geographic information systems, hazard exposure mapping, vulnerability mapping, risk mapping
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  • Governance accountability, empowerment, coordination, disaster risk reduction policy and legislative framework, national and local platforms for disaster risk reduction, regional platforms for disaster risk reduction, cross-border collaboration
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  • Health & Health Facilities capacity of health practitioners, climate change effects on health, environmental impact on health, health and disaster risk, health facilities and services, health facility preparedness, health: gender, mental health, public health, health: water and sanitation, psychosocial support, safe hospitals, trauma prevention
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  • Human Mobility Participation and protection of migrants, refugees, internally displaced people; migration induced by disasters, climate migration, planned relocation.
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  • Indigenous Knowledge indigenous early warning system, local adaptation for implementation, local knowledge, local skills, local technical knowledge, local knowledge systems, traditional knowledge, transferable indigenous knowledge
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  • Information Management disaster data and information exchange standards, disaster databases and information management, disaster risk information portals, disaster risk reduction knowledge management, networks and communities of practice, information and communication technology (ICT), information planning, information sharing and exchange, data preparedness
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  • Insurance & Risk Transfer disaster insurance, and re-insurance, catastrophe bonds, contingency funding and credit, micro-insurance, post-disaster loans, reserve funds, risk financing, risk insurance, risk sharing, pooling, weather index insurance
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  • Private Sector business partnerships for disaster risk reduction, civil action and public-private partnership, corporate social responsibility, government and private sector partnership
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  • Recovery build back better, early recovery and shelter with a long-term view, humanitarian planning for long-term risk reduction, long-term recovery and reconstruction, psycho-social issues for long term recovery rehabilitation, post-disaster needs assessment
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  • Risk Identification & Assessment hazard assessment, risk assessment; risk analysis process: exposure, vulnerability of physical, social, health, economic and environmental dimensions, coping capacity; vulnerability assessment
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  • Social Impacts & Social Resilience coping capacity, cultural impacts, loss absorption, loss acceptance, loss of livelihood, psychological impacts and resilience, psychological support, social vulnerability
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  • Space & Aerial Technology satellite imagery, earth observation, remote sensing, geospatial technology, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), drones, optical and radar imagery, meteorological satellites
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  • Structural Safety building codes, building standards, building materials, construction, retrofitting
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  • Urban Risk & Planning resilient cities, urban planning, urban management
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  • Vulnerable Populations Participation and protection of at-risk populations, including: disabled, elderly, homeless, hospitalized people, illegal immigrants, illiterate, medically or chemically dependent, impoverished populations, migrants, persons with disabilities, speakers of non-local languages
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  • Water sustainable water resource management, including: drinking water, freshwater, irrigation, preventive protection of drink water supplies, sanitation
UNISDR terminology on DRR

Look up terms from the official 2017 UNISDR terminology on disaster risk reduction.

 

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