Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015
Making development sustainable: The future of disaster risk management

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Part I - Chapter 4
(Source: UNISDR with data from national loss databases.)
Figure 4.8 Reported damage from extensive disasters to housing, education and health facilities, and agricultural production (65 countries, 2 states)
4.2 Undermining development
capacities and gains
Losses from extensive disasters are responsible for most disaster morbidity and displacement, and represent an ongoing erosion of development assets. This presents a particular challenge to the achievement of development goals in areas and regions that already experience social inequality and exclusion.
Extensive risk particularly challenges the achievement of development goals in areas and regions already characterized by social inequality and exclusion. The deficit of infrastructure in these areas is already an underlying driver of vulnerability and disaster risk and weakens resilience. The loss of this infrastructure in
disasters further aggravates the situation, generating a vicious cycle. For example, a deficit of primary health facilities increases the vulnerability of low-income households that suffer flooding. Households with poor health are likely to be less resilient to disaster loss, and the damage or destruction of those facilities in disasters further compounds the problem.
The economic value of these social assets is significant. While the economic losses from intensive disasters are usually evaluated by governments or international organizations and insured losses are assessed by the insurance industry, the economic cost of extensive risk is largely unaccounted for and ultimately reabsorbed into poverty. Estimates of the cost of those unreported disasters highlight a growing and largely unknown
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