Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015
Making development sustainable: The future of disaster risk management

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Part I - Chapter 2
mortality since 1990 is concentrated in only four events (Cyclone Gorky in Bangladesh in 1991, the Indian Ocean tsunamis in 2004, Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar in 2008 and the Haiti earthquake in 2010). While mortality might appear to be on the rise, this trend is not statistically significant and changes arbitrarily depending on the time period chosen and the specific intensive disasters occurring in that period.6
2.2 Economic loss reduced?
Absolute economic loss is rising, but in relative terms, the global increase in economic loss from disasters is not statistically significant. However, in some regions, losses have outstripped GDP growth. While absolute economic loss is concentrated in higher-income countries, in relative terms it remains a far greater problem for lowincome countries.
Most high-income countries have the regulatory quality and have made investments to significantly reduce the more extensive layers of disaster risk associated with losses occurring over short return periods. In addition, the citizens of these countries enjoy high levels of social protection, including effective emergency services and health coverage, meaning that highincome countries account for less than 12 per cent of internationally reported disaster mortality (Figure 2.1).
(Source: UNISDR with data from national loss databases.)
Figure 2.5 Mortality from disasters concentrated in few intensive events
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