Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015
Making development sustainable: The future of disaster risk management

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Part I - Chapter 4
1 A new analysis of national disaster loss data shows that between 1980 and 2013, 41 countries reported a total of more than 6,000 events involving electrical storms which killed more than 8,700 people, injured around 4,500 people and destroyed almost 42,000 houses.
For more information on national loss databases and the data sets used in this report, see
82 countries and 3 states (Odisha and Tamil Nadu, India, and Zanzibar, Tanzania) in total over varying time frames. For access to the loss databases and more details on the countries and states included, see
The two states referred to in Figures 4.3, 4.5, 4.6 and 4.7 are Odisha and Tamil Nadu, India.
Only a very small group of countries show an increasing trend that can be associated with improved reporting, but the population of those countries (and the impact reported) is low in comparison to the majority of countries with loss databases. The group with low reporting bias accounts for more than 95 per cent of the population represented (1.6 billion) and 74 per cent of all reports in the sample. Reports of mortality impacts show similarly stable patterns, and reports on other types of impacts show slightly higher trends which suggest that better reporting should be taken as one of the causes of the increase, but with a moderate to low influence. See Annex 2 for more details.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) of 2013.
Data from the World Bank Development Indicators: http://data.
Public investment was calculated as an average of the annual percentage of public investment in relation to GDP from 2001 to 2011, based on data from the World Bank.
Increases in extensive risk threaten efforts to reduce poverty and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals related to poverty and social development, and they highlight that understanding and practising disaster risk reduction as disaster management has not been effective in avoiding risk generation and accumulation. This theme will be explored further in Parts II and III of this report.
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